MDMA is a psychoactive drug taken mostly for its euphoric and empathogenic effects. Widely known as ecstasy, MDMA can also be called E, X, Molly or XTC. It’s important to note, however, that ecstasy generally refers to the tablet street form of the drug, which may contain additional ingredients and impurities.
If you or a loved one are currently struggling with MDMA abuse, please call Drug Treatment Centers Melbourne at (321) 203-5028.
Molly generally refers to powder or crystal MDMA, which is normally swallowed or snorted, but can also be injected. Medical reviews have noted that MDMA has limited therapeutic benefits, with the substance generally taken as an illegal drug in a party setting. First synthesized in 1912 by Merck chemist Anton Köllisch, the drug has become popular since the late 1980s.
Users often take the drug at raves and house parties, with the music and lighting at such events believed to be highly synergistic with the drug experience. The recreational effects of taking it include euphoria, increased sociability, increased empathy and a sense of inner peace. Mild hallucinations are also possible depending on dosage level, as are enhanced sexual and perceptual sensations.
The onset of the drug normally takes between 30 to 60 minutes, with the peak experience roughly 75-120 minutes after ingestion. Possible adverse effects of MDMA include dehydration, hypothermia, increased perspiration, increased sweating, insomnia and teeth grinding. There is also the danger that some people will drink too much water while on the drug, something that can be very dangerous.
There are a range of adverse effects from MDMA use, both during the initial comedown period and for an extended period after use. After-effects may include tremors, loss of appetite, insomnia, anxiety, depression, irritability, memory impairment, and impulsiveness. While many of the long-term effects of ecstasy use are unclear, the drug has been shown to produce brain lesions in the serotonergic neural pathways of humans and other animals.
This form of brain damage is made more likely through high doses and long-term use of the drug. Other possible long-term effects include neurotoxicity in serotonergic axon terminals, adverse changes to white matter and brain microvasculature, and reduced gray matter in certain brain structures. This drug also has immunosuppressive effects in the peripheral nervous system and pro-inflammatory effects in the central nervous system.
MDMA is sometimes taken together with alcohol and other illegal drugs, including LSD, amphetamine, methamphetamine, ketamine and psilocybin mushrooms. One of the more common combinations involves ecstasy and LSD, which has been given the nickname “candy flipping” due to its playful nature.
This combination can expand the experience into more hallucinogenic territory, with dangers associated with anxiety and paranoia. There are also potential dangers when MDMA is taken in combination with alcohol or prescription drugs, with people not able to moderate their drinking or drug intake effectively when multiple substances are involved.
While it’s not a physically addictive substance, long term exposure to MDMA does lead to psychological dependence and withdrawal. Some studies have shown increased depression and anxiety following long term use of the drug, even after people have stopped using for a long time.
Fatigue, loss of appetite and decreased concentration often accompany withdrawal, with overdose also possible with high doses of MDMA. Overdose symptoms may include agitation, hypertension, hallucinations, convulsions, mental confusion and paranoia among others.
*Not all insurance policies are the same. Insurance coverage varies based on individual policies. All logos and trademarks are the sole and exclusive rights of their respective owners.