Drug treatment centers are involved in alcohol and drug rehabilitation, offering a range of medical and psychotherepeutic programs for their clients. The nature of recovery programs depends on the facility, individual patient, and substance of dependency.
While some recovery programs are drug, age or gender specific, others offer a full range of services and therapy options. Typically involving detoxification, medical treatment, therapy and relapse prevention, recovery programs fulfill an important role in modern day America.
The effective treatment of substance abuse and addiction requires a multi-pronged approach. Along with the initial stages of intervention and detox, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) also recommends a medication period where applicable, followed by behavioral therapy and relapse prevention education.
Recovery programs depend on each of these elements working together, with treatment programs much more likely to succeed when every piece of the model is in place. While some substances do require a unique approach, the overall methodology of treatment programs always depends on integrated systems and patient motivation.
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While countless variations do exist, there are four basic types of behavioral therapy used in modern day facilities. The first is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), a form of psychotherapy designed to treat a range of mental illnesses and substance abuse problems. Originally designed to treat depression, CBT offers a mix of conventional behavior therapy with cognitive therapy and hybrid approaches.
By recognizing the existence of behavior based on prior conditioning, CBT attempts to treat substance abuse by focusing on specific problems and actions. Substance dependence is a learned behavior based on altered neuroplasticity in the brain, with CBT attempting to change behavior by recognizing and altering maladaptive thinking.
Multidimensional family therapy is another example of behavioral therapy, with treatment centers aiming to support the recovery of patients through positive changes in family functioning. By engaging directly with family members, therapists seek to create real changes that address the underlying issues of drug and alcohol abuse.
Motivational interviewing is another behavioral therapy used in rehab centers, referring to a counseling approach that attempts to motivate patients in order to change behavior. Motivational interviewing is a is a goal-oriented counseling style that helps patients explore and resolve their ambivalence.
Motivational incentives is a related type of therapy that attempts to change behavior through the use of positive reinforcement. A number of different therapies can be used within the confines of the methodologies above, with some facilities offering a range of innovative new programs alongside conventional approaches. Along with detox and medication treatment, most drug rehab centers base their programs on group and individual counseling.
Twelve step programs are used by some treatment centers, with the original program used as an effective way to treat alcoholism since the 1940s. Client centered and psychological therapies may also be used by some rehab centers, with relapse prevention another important cognitive-behavioral approach.
A number of new and novel drug treatment therapy options have become available in recent decades, including art therapy, music therapy, yoga and spirituality-based practices. Mindfulness and meditation also play an important role in some treatment environments, as does moral recognition therapy, biofeedback, smart recovery and a range of other approaches. Recovery programs play an important role in drug and alcohol rehab, giving patients the opportunity to recognize problems and make positive, life-affirming changes.
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